Fleas are external blood-sucking parasites that host on humans, dogs, cats, rats and other animals. They are often brought into homes by infested pet dogs and cats, or by rats. Fleas usually bite humans around the ankles and lower legs. The bite wound can develop into skin inflammation. Fleas are also carriers of human diseases, the most significant of which is the deadly plague, as well as murine typhus.

To reduce the likelihood of a flea infestation at home, follow these simple measures:

  1. Maintain a high standard of cleanliness within your premises. Floors, carpets and upholstery should be vacuumed and cleaned frequently to remove adult fleas and eggs.
  2. Infested pets should be treated by a veterinarian immediately.
  3. Always keep pet bedding and surrounding areas clean. Keeping pets outdoors helps to reduce the flea problem indoors.
  4. The homeowner must do the following just before the flea treatment:
    • Remove all items such as toys and pillows off the floor or carpet
    • Remove all articles from under beds, from closet floors, and from under furniture
    • Vacuum all upholstered furniture, floors, and carpeting, paying particular attention to the foot of the furniture on which the pet rests, under furniture, and wall-floor junctions.
    • The vacuum bag must be immediately removed and put into a plastic garbage bag, the top sealed, and then placed in an outside garbage receptacle or burned.
    • Thoroughly clean all areas frequented by cats, e.g. table tops, refrigerator tops, window sills, counters, etc.
  5. Mattresses, cracks and crevices in the floor, walls and beds should be treated with insecticides.
  6. Fleas may be brought into your home by rats and mice infesting the house, so rodent control should also be considered.