Adult ant species come in a variety of shapes and sizes. Generally, each ant belongs to one of three different colony castes: queens, workers, or males. Queens are fertile females that lay eggs. Workers are wingless females that gather food, feed larvae, maintain the nest, and defend the colony, but they do not reproduce. Male ants are winged and their only job is to mate with the queens.
Every Greencare technician is trained to help manage ants and other similar pests. Since every building or home is different, our Greencare technician will design a unique pest control program for your specific situation. For example, we have a specific pest control solution for carpenter ants.
Keeping ants out of homes and buildings is an ongoing process, not a one-time event. Greencare’s comprehensive solution not only takes care of the problem at hand, but also includes continued monitoring to ensure the problem does not return.
Our Greencare technician will provide the right treatment to keep ants out of your home, or place of business.
"Most DIY ant control methods only kill the ants you see. More effective treatments can penetrate and destroy ant nests to prevent these pests from returning. Also, different types of ant infestations require different treatments – something that home treatments don’t account for."
Poor sanitation is the main cause of ant infestations. Leaving dirty dishes in the sink, food residue on kitchen tops, crumbs on the floor, and not emptying trash all provide food sources for ants. What starts with a few foragers entering a home can become a problem if ants establish colonies in walls, cracks, or crevices.
Ants carry bacteria on their bodies, which spreads when they crawl in kitchens and across countertops. Only a few species are known to transmit diseases though.
Some species, like carpenter and fire ants, cause additional problems. A carpenter ant infestation can cause damage by chewing tunnels through wood beams. Fire ant stings that involve envenomation can cause pain and more serious symptoms that often result in allergic reactions.
These are some things you should know about ants’ behavior:
The ant life cycle has four distinct and very different life stages: egg, larvae, pupae and adult. This is known as complete metamorphosis. It generally takes from several weeks to several months to complete the life cycle, depending upon the ant species and environmental factors.
A female ant that successfully mates with a male ant will become a queen ant that lays eggs. Fertile queens select a sheltered place to begin a nest (colony) and begin laying eggs. Ant eggs are very small – only about a half of a millimeter in diameter. The eggs are also oval, white and transparent.
After about 1-2 weeks in the egg stage, a grub-like, legless ant larvae hatches. This stage has a voracious appetite, and the adult ants spend much of their time feeding the larvae with food and liquids they digest and regurgitate.
After the larvae molts and shed their skin, they change into the pupal stage. Pupae appear somewhat like adults except their legs and antennae are folded and pressed against the pupal body. Initially, ant pupae are usually white, but slowly become darker in color as they age. Depending upon the ant species, pupae may be housed in a protective cocoon.
Once the pupal stage is complete, the adult ant comes on the scene. At the time of emergence, the adult ant is fully grown, but darkens in color as it ages. Adult ants are one of three different colony castes; queens, workers or males. Queens are fertile females that lay all the eggs in a colony. Workers are females that do not reproduce, but do gather food; feed the larvae; and maintain and clean the nest. Workers are wingless, and it is the worker stage that is seen foraging around for food or defending the colony from intruders. The male ants are winged, but their only job is to mate with the queens during the swarming process.